Jamiat Ulema-I-Hind is one of the leading Islamic organizations in India. It was founded in 1919 by Sheikh ul Hind Maulana Mehmood Hasan, Maulana Syed Hussain Ahmad Madani, Maulana Ahmed Saeed Dehlvi, Mufti Kifayatullah Dehlavi, Mufti Muhammad Naeem Ludhianvi, Maulana Ahmad Ali Lahori, Maulana Bashir Ahmad Bhatta, Maulana Syed Gul Badsha, Maulana Hifzur Rehman Seoharvi and Maulana Abdul Bari Firangi Mehli. Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind strongly opposed the creation of a separate Muslim state of Pakistan.
The Jamiat has an organizational network which is spread all over India. They also have an Urdu daily Al-Jamiyat. The Jamiat has propounded a theological basis for its nationalistic philosophy. Their thesis is that Muslims and non-Muslims have entered upon a mutual contract in India since independence, to establish a secular state. The Constitution of India represents this contract. This is known in Urdu as a mu’ahadah. Accordingly as the Muslim community’s elected representatives supported and swore allegiance to this mu’ahadah so it is the duty of Indian Muslims is to keep loyalty to the Constitution. This mu’ahadah is similar to a previous similar contract signed between the Muslims and the Jews in Medina.
Currently the Jamiat-Ulema-e-Hind is split into two factions. In 2008 the interim President Maulana Arshad Madani took steps to constitute a new executive council to replace the old one. This triggered a reaction following which a faction led by Maulana Mahmood Madani, prominent in the old council, removed Maulana Arshad Madani as interim President by initiating a no-confidence motion against him. Maulana Arshad Madani’s group claims that the no-confidence motion is itself null and void, as the executive council in question had already been dissolved and a new council constituted, while the other group claims that the constitution of the new council was without legal basis. Both sides claim that the sequence of events was such that favours their cause.
This organization has been described as conservative as it opposes birth control and sterilization.